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Title

Diffusion of Impaired Driving Laws Among U.S. States (American Journal of Public Health)

Publication Topics

Health Behaviors; Adult; Alcohol Use

Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

2015-07-16T07:00:00Z

Author 1

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=1194&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=1194&RootFolder=*">James Macinko, PhD</a>

Author 2

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=1246&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=1246&RootFolder=*">Diana Silver</a>

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Abstract

Authors examined internal and external determinants of state's adoption of impaired driving laws, using data that included 7 state-level, evidence-based public health laws collected from 1980 to 2010. Event history analyses were used to identify predictors of first-time law adoption and subsequent adoption between state pairs. The independent variables were internal state factors, including the political environment, legislative professionalism, government capacity, state resources, legislative history, and policy-specific risk factors. The external factors were neighboring states' history of law adoption and changes in federal law.

Authors found a strong trend toward an increased number of laws over time. The proportion of younger drivers and the presence of a neighboring state with similar laws were the strongest predictors of first-time law adoption. The predictors of subsequent law adoption included neighbor state adoption and previous legislative action. Alcohol laws were negatively associated with first-time adoption of impaired driving laws, suggesting substitution effects among policy choices.
 

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Journal Article: Diffusion of Impaired Driving Laws Among US States

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Last modified at 9/29/2015 10:57 AM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|celeste