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Title

Diet and Obesity in Los Angeles County 2007-2012: Is there a Measurable Effect of the 2008 "Fast-Food Ban"? (Social Science & Medicine)

Publication Topics

California Health Interview Survey; 2007 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2007); 2011 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2011); 2012 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2012); Diet and Nutrition; Health Behaviors; Obesity/Overweight

Publication Type

CHIS Journal Article

Publication Date

2015-03-05T08:00:00Z

Author 1

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=207&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=207&RootFolder=*">Roland Sturm</a>

Author 2

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=1066&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=1066&RootFolder=*">Aiko Hattori</a>

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Abstract

​Authors evaluate the impact of the "Los Angeles Fast-Food Ban," a zoning regulation that has restricted opening/remodeling of standalone fast-food restaurants in South Los Angeles since 2008. Food retail permits issued after the ban are more often for small food/convenience stores and less often for larger restaurants not part of a chain in South Los Angeles compared to other areas; there are no significant differences in the share of new fast-food chain outlets, other chain restaurants, or large food markets. About 10% of food outlets are new since the regulation, but there is little evidence that the composition has changed differentially across areas.

Data from the California Health Interview Survey show that fast-food consumption and overweight/obesity rates have increased from 2007 to 2011/2012 in all areas. The increase in the combined prevalence of overweight and obesity since the ban has been significantly larger in South Los Angeles than elsewhere. A positive development has been a drop in soft drink consumption since 2007, but that drop is of similar magnitude in all areas.

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Journal Article: Diet and Obesity in Los Angeles County 2007-2012: Is there a Measurable Effect of the 2008 "Fast-Food Ban"?

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California Health Interview Survey (CHIS)

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Created at 10/9/2015 2:59 PM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|celeste
Last modified at 10/12/2015 2:53 PM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|celeste