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Food Insecurity Is Associated with Unhealthy Dietary Practices among U.S. Veterans in California (Public Health Nutrition)

Publication Topics

California Health Interview Survey; 2009 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2009); 2011 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2011); 2012 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2012); Diet and Nutrition; Physical Activity; Adult; Low-Income; Persons with Disabilities

Publication Type

CHIS Journal Article

Publication Date


Author 1

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​U.S. veterans are at risk for being overweight or obese and having associated unhealthy behaviors, including poor diet; this study evaluated the association between food insecurity and dietary practices among veterans. Authors conducted a secondary analysis of cross-sectional data from the California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) for 2009 and 2011-2012 for 11,011 California veterans. The association between food insecurity and dietary practices of fruit, vegetable, fast food and soda intakes was analyzed.

Nearly 5 percent of the veterans studied reported living in poverty with food insecurity. Compared with those at or above the poverty level and those in poverty but food secure, the mean intakes of fruits and vegetables were lower, while the mean intakes of soda and fast foods were higher among veterans living in poverty with food insecurity. Food insecurity was associated with 24 and 142 percent higher average consumption of fast foods and soda, respectively, and 24 percent lower fruit intake.


Article 1

Journal Article: Food Insecurity Is Associated with Unhealthy Dietary Practices among U.S. Veterans in California

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Press Release

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California Health Interview Survey (CHIS)

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Created at 11/17/2016 1:11 PM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|celeste
Last modified at 11/17/2016 1:33 PM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|celeste