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The Effect of Household Poverty on Tuberculosis (International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)

Publication Topics

Health Status and Conditions; Chronic Condition Prevalence; Population Focus; Low-Income

Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Author 1

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=1458&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=1458&RootFolder=*">Andrew Siroka</a>

Author 2

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=1194&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=1194&RootFolder=*">James Macinko, Ph.D.</a>

Author 3

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=243&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=243&RootFolder=*">Ninez A. Ponce, PhD, MPP</a>

Author 4

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=151&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=151&RootFolder=*">et al</a>

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​Authors assessed the relationship between household socio-economic level, both relative and absolute, and individual tuberculosis (TB) disease prevalence using household surveys in eight countries -- Malawi, Mongolia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Rwanda, Tanzania, Vietnam and Zambia -- individual and pooled multi-country models. Socio-economic level (SEL) was measured in terms of both relative household position and absolute wealth. The outcome of interest was whether or not an individual had TB disease. Logistic regression models were used to control for putative risk factors for TB disease such as age, sex and previous treatment history.

Overall, a strong and consistent association between household SEL and individual TB disease was not found. Significant results were found in four individual country models, with the lowest socio-economic quintile being associated with higher TB risk in Mongolia, Myanmar, Tanzania and Vietnam. Study authors conclude TB prevalence surveys are designed to assess prevalence of disease and, due to the small numbers of cases usually detected, may not be the most efficient means of investigating TB risk factors. Different designs are needed, including measuring the SEL of individuals in nested case-control studies within TB prevalence surveys or among TB patients seeking treatment in health care facilities.


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Journal Article: The Effect of Household Poverty on Tuberculosis

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Version: 2.0
Created at 7/7/2017 10:41 AM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|celeste
Last modified at 7/7/2017 11:10 AM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|celeste