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The Changing Landscape of Diabetes Prevalence Among First-Generation Asian Immigrants in California from 2003 to 2013 (BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care)

Publication Topics

California Health Interview Survey; 2003 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2003); 2005 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2005); 2007 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2007); 2009 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2009); 2011 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2011); 2013 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2013); Diabetes; Asian

Publication Type

CHIS Journal Article

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Author 1

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Author 2

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​The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) is increasing rapidly, particularly in Asia. Asian immigrants in Western countries are a fast-growing population who carry both intrinsic risks due to their genetic background and extrinsic risks associated with Western lifestyles.

Authors examined adults aged 18 and older from the recent California Health Interview Survey data sets from 2003 to 2013 to determine prevalence of known DM among first-generation Asian immigrants and whites. The impact of various DM risk factors in Asian immigrants relative to whites was analyzed and multivariable regression models were constructed to obtain adjusted DM risk in Asian immigrants versus in whites.

Across the study span, authors identified 2007 first-generation Asian immigrants and 14,668 whites as having known DM or prediabetes mellitus (pre-DM). From 2003 to 2013, the prevalence of DM and pre-DM combined rose from 6.8 percent to 12.4 percent in Asian immigrants and 5.5 percent to 6.9 percent in whites. Much of the increase could be attributed to pre-DM, which rose from 0.7 percent to 3.2 percent in Asian immigrants during the study period.

The impacts of age and body mass index on DM risk were consistently greater in Asian immigrants than in whites. Non-DM Asian immigrants were found less likely to engage in physical activity than were non-DM whites. After adjustment of various associated factors, Asian immigrants were more likely than whites to have DM and this relative risk for DM gradually increased across the study period.


Article 1

Journal Article: The Changing Landscape of Diabetes Prevalence Among First-Generation Asian Immigrants in California from 2003 to 2013

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Press Release

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California Health Interview Survey (CHIS)

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Version: 4.0
Created at 10/18/2017 11:47 AM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|celeste
Last modified at 10/18/2017 11:53 AM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|celeste