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Title

The Neighborhood Environment and Obesity: Understanding Variation by Race/Ethnicity (Preventive Medicine)

Publication Topics

California Health Interview Survey; 2011 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2011); 2012 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2012); 2013 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2013); Diet and Nutrition; Health Behaviors; Obesity/Overweight; Chronic Condition Prevalence; Population Focus; Racial and Ethnic Groups; African-American; Asian; Hispanic/Latino

Publication Type

CHIS Journal Article

Publication Date

2017-11-29T08:00:00Z

Author 1

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=1532&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=1532&RootFolder=*">Michelle S. Wong</a>

Author 2

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=151&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=151&RootFolder=*">et al</a>

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Abstract

This study examined the relationship between soda consumption ― a behavior strongly associated with obesity ― and weight status with neighborhood socio-demographic, social, and built environments by race/ethnicity. Authors merged data on adults from the 2011–2013 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS), U.S. Census data, and InfoUSA. Dependent variables were soda consumption and weight status outcomes (body mass index and obesity status). Main independent variables were measures of three neighborhood environments: social (social cohesion and safety), socio-demographic (neighborhood socioeconomic status, educational attainment, percent Asian, percent Hispanic, and percent black), and built environments (number of grocery stores, convenience stores, fast food restaurants, and gyms in neighborhood). Lower neighborhood educational attainment was associated with higher odds of obesity and soda consumption in all racial/ethnic groups.

Authors found fewer associations between study outcomes and the neighborhood, especially the built environment, among non-Hispanic African Americans and non-Hispanic Asians. While improvements to neighborhood environment may be promising to reduce obesity, null associations among minority subgroups suggest that changes, particularly to the built environment, may alone be insufficient to address obesity in these groups.
 

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Journal Article: The Neighborhood Environment and Obesity: Understanding Variation by Race/Ethnicity

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Press Release

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California Health Interview Survey (CHIS)

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