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Title

Acculturation and Ethnic-Minority Health Behavior: a Test of the Operant Model (Health Psychology)

Publication Topics

2001 CA Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2001); Health Behaviors; Racial and Ethnic Groups; Survey Research; California Health Interview Survey; Adult

Publication Type

CHIS Journal Article

Publication Date

2008-11-01T07:00:00Z

Author 1

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=792&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=792&RootFolder=*">I. Corral</a>

Author 2

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=151&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=151&RootFolder=*">et al</a>

Author 3

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Author 4

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Author 5

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Author 6

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Author 7

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=0&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=0&RootFolder=*"></a>

Author 8

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Author 9

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Author 10

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Author 11

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Author 12

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Author 13

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Author 14

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The Operant Model of Acculturation predicts that health behaviors that have a low prevalence (< 20%) among Traditional (low-acculturated) minorities increase in prevalence with acculturation and hence have a higher prevalence among their Acculturated counterparts. Alternatively, health behaviors that have a high prevalence (> 45%) among Traditional minorities decrease with acculturation and thereby have a lower prevalence among their acculturated cohorts. The purpose of this study was to test this model for the first time.

DESIGN: Data on the 7,249 Mexican American adults in the 2001 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS), a statewide, random-digit-dial telephone survey, were used.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Two proxies for acculturation (nativity, language spoken at home) were predictors in analyses of cigarette smoking, exercise, and 5 + daily fruit/vegetable consumption. RESULTS: For all three health behaviors, results were fully supportive of the Operant Model irrespective of acculturation-proxy and demographic variables.

CONCLUSION: The Operant Model may provide a coherent framework for predicting and understanding the role of acculturation in ethnic minority health behavior. Findings are discussed in terms of tailoring and targeting interventions in a manner consistent with the acculturation-related changes in health behavior that are likely to occur. ​

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California Health Interview Survey

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Created at 7/27/2012 12:03 PM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|jonathan
Last modified at 3/6/2013 2:15 PM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|jonathan