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Title

Most Latino Smokers in California Are Low-Frequency Smokers (Addiction)

Publication Topics

2001 CA Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2001); 2003 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2003); Survey Research; Racial and Ethnic Groups; Chronic Condition Prevalence

Publication Type

CHIS Journal Article

Publication Date

2007-09-10T07:00:00Z

Author 1

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=801&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=801&RootFolder=*">Shu-Hong Zhu</a>

Author 2

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=151&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=151&RootFolder=*">et al</a>

Author 3

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=0&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=0&RootFolder=*"></a>

Author 4

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Author 5

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Author 6

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Author 7

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Author 8

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Author 9

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Author 10

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Author 11

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Author 12

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Author 13

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=0&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=0&RootFolder=*"></a>

Author 14

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Abstract

Objective: We examine the phenomenon of low-frequency smoking (non-daily smoking or smoking = 5 cigarettes daily) among California Latinos and address its implications for addiction theory and population tobacco control.

Design: Data gathered in 2001 and 2003 through the California Health Interview Survey (CHIS), the largest general health survey in California. The present study focused on Latino current smokers (n = 1254 for CHIS 2001; n = 946 for CHIS 2003).
 
Measurement: Latino smokers reporting either non-daily smoking or smoking =5 cigarettes daily were identified and grouped into one category: low-frequency smokers.
 
Findings: Weighted by population parameters, more than 70% of Latino smokers in California were found to be low-frequency smokers [70.7% (CI = 67.2%, 73.9%) in 2001 and 70.8% (CI = 67.1%-74.2%) in 2003]. This high proportion cut across all demographic dimensions in both surveys, suggesting pervasiveness and reliability of this phenomenon. Proportions for non-daily smokers and low-rate daily smokers were  48.6% and 22.1% in 2001 and 54.9% and 15.9% in 2003. In both surveys, more than 80% of non-daily smokers consumed = 5 cigarettes on their smoking days.
 
Conclusions: The fact that most Latino smokers are low-frequency smokers calls for a new theoretical framework — beyond withdrawal-based theories — to account for the prevalence of this behavior on the population level. It also calls into question the harm-reduction approach as a tobacco control strategy for California Latino populations. Strategies emphasizing that every cigarette can hurt, and encouraging complete cessation, seem more fitting for this group of smokers.

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California Health Interview Survey

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Version: 4.0
Created at 7/30/2012 11:17 AM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|celeste
Last modified at 2/6/2013 9:52 AM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|jonathan