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Title

Body Dissatisfaction in California Adolescents (Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners)

Publication Topics

2005 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2005); Women; Racial and Ethnic Groups; Survey Research; Chronic Condition Prevalence; Obesity/Overweight

Publication Type

CHIS Journal Article

Publication Date

2011-02-01T08:00:00Z

Author 1

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=809&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=809&RootFolder=*">Mary Ellen Wilkosz</a>

Author 2

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=151&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=151&RootFolder=*">et al</a>

Author 3

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Author 4

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Author 5

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Author 6

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Author 7

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Author 8

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Author 9

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Author 10

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Author 11

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Author 12

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Author 13

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Author 14

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Abstract

Purpose: Factors that contribute to body dissatisfaction among adolescents from ethnically diverse California were examined to determine if the factors vary with gender and race.

Data sources: Data from the 2005 California Health Interview Survey were used; 1807 White, Latino, and Asian American adolescents from 12 to 17 years old were included.

Conclusions: Ordinal multiple logistic regression with gender and ethnicity controlled for revealed two major factors (high body mass index and poor/fair general health status) contribute to body dissatisfaction across gender and ethnicity in California adolescents. Other factors related to body dissatisfaction varied with ethnicity and gender.

 
Implications for practice: Gender- and ethnicity-specific interventions to improve body image in adolescents must be developed. Body image research indicates that children at a very young age develop ideas about what constitutes an “ideal body” and what is considered “attractive” by society (Ayala, Mickens, Galindo, & Elder, 2007). Adolescence is a crucial time for identity formation, and at the same time there is a high prevalence of body dissatisfaction in this age group. As nurse practitioners (NPs), we know that it is critical to screen and provide counseling to teens for issues surrounding body image. Trends observed in adolescents who have low body satisfaction indicate increased risks for multiple comorbidities later in life, including global mental health issues, eating disorders (obesity, bulimia, and anorexia; Neumark-Sztainer et al., 2006), as well as other “risk-taking” behaviors (alcohol, tobacco, unprotected sex, suicide; Neumark-Sztainer, Story, Dixon, & Murray, 1998). The aim of our study was to explore factors related to body dissatisfaction in California adolescents and to investigate gender and ethnic differences. Understanding factors related to body dissatisfaction in adolescents can help healthcare providers and researchers develop culturally sensitive and gender-specific programs to improve adolescents’ perception of body image. The methodology box summarizes reasons for selection of this approach.

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California Health Interview Survey

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Version: 4.0
Created at 8/6/2012 4:15 PM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|jonathan
Last modified at 2/6/2013 9:53 AM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|jonathan