Economically Insecure

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Economically Insecure: Demographic Characteristics of Adults Age 65 and Older with Incomes Below the 2013 Elder Economic Security Standard™ Index (Elder Index)

Economically insecure older adults age 65 and over are those who do not have enough income for basic living expenses as calculated by the Elder Index

County data for the number of economically insecure Californians can be viewed in an interactive table with statewide comparison and by county-level family groups using the links below.

View a county-by-county list for “all economically insecure older adults”. 

Click here to download all Elder Index Demographic Data.

 FPL Comparisons:

Statewide data comparing the Elder Index with the Federal Poverty Guideline Levels (FPL) for those with incomes below the Elder Index can be viewed in an interactive table by demographic characteristics such as age, gender, race/ethnicity, and housing type and by state-level family groups using the link below.

Hidden Poor and Poor:

The Hidden Poor are defined as those who have incomes at or above 100 percent of the Federal Poverty Level (FPL), but below the Elder Index (EI) and do not have enough income for basic living expenses as calculated by the Elder Index. Poor is defined as those with incomes below 100 percent of the FPL and below the EI.  

Statewide data of the hidden poor status of older Californians can be viewed in an interactive table by demographic characteristics such as age, gender, race/ethnicity, and housing type and by state-level family groups using the link below.

View a county-by-county list of “hidden poor and poor for all older adults”.

When using this data, please cite appropriately. Suggested Citation Padilla-Frausto DI, Wallace SP. 2018. Demographic Characteristics of Older Californians Age 65 and Over with Incomes Below the 2013 Elder Index. Los Angeles, CA: UCLA Center for Health Policy Research. Downloaded from www.healthpolicy.ucla.edu/elderindex

Family Group Definitions

County-Level

  • Single Elders Living Alone includes single elders who live alone in one-person households.
  • Older Couples Only includes older couples who live in two-person households.
  • Single Elder Head of Household Housing Other Family Members includes single elders raising grandchildren only, single elders housing adult children only, and single elders housing adult children and grandchildren.
  • Older Couple Head of Household Housing Other Family Members includes older couples raising grandchildren only, older couples housing adult children only, and older couples housing adult children and grandchildren.
  • Single Elder Living with Adult Children Head of Household includes single elders living with adult children only and single elders living with adult children and grandchildren.
  • Older Couple Living with Adult Children Head of Household includes older couples living with adult children only and older adult living with adult children and grandchildren.
  • All Older Adults includes all family groups above.

 State-Level

  • All County-Level Family Groups, plus
  • Older Adults Raising Grandchildren includes single elders and older couples raising grandchildren age 17 and younger.
  • Older Adults Housing Adult Children includes single elders and older couples housing adult children age 18 to 64.
  • Older Adults Housing Adult Children and Grandchildren includes single elders and older couples housing adult children age 18 to 64 and grandchildren age 17 and younger.
  • Older Adults Living with Adult Children Only includes single elders and older couples living with only adult children age 18 to 64 i.e. households with no minor children age 17 and younger.
  • Older Adults Living with Adult Children and Grandchildren includes single elders and older couples living with adult children age 18 to 64 and grandchildren age 17 and younger.