Publications

 

 Join our Newsletter

 

Join Our Newsletter

A monthly e-mail of breaking news, data, and publications from the Center.

Join
print share
 

Related Content - UCLA Related Content Web Part  Related Content

 

Asthma-Related School Absenteeism and School Concentration of Low-Income Students in California (Preventing Chronic Disease)

May 1, 2012

CHIS Journal Article

Authors: Ying-Ying Meng, DrPH, Susan H. Babey, PhD, Joelle Wolstein, PhD, MPP, MA

Introduction: Asthma is one of the leading causes of school absenteeism. Previous studies have shown that school absenteeism is related to family income of individual students. However, there is little research examining whether school absenteeism is related to school-level concentration of low-income students, independent of family income. The objective of this study was to examine whether the proportion of low-income students at a school was related to school absenteeism due to asthma. 

Methods: Using data from the 2007 California Health Interview Survey, a population-based survey of California households, we examined the association between attending schools with high concentrations of low-income students and missing school because of asthma, adjusting for demographic characteristics, asthma severity, and health insurance status. Schools with high concentrations of low-income students were identified on the basis of the percentage of students participating in the free and reduced-price meal program, data publicly available from the California Department of Education. 

Results: Students attending schools with the highest concentrations of low-income students were more likely to miss school because of asthma. Students from low-income families, younger students, those with more frequent asthma symptoms, or those taking prescription asthma medications also were more likely to miss school because of asthma. 

Conclusion: The use of school-level interventions to decrease school absenteeism due to asthma should be explored, especially in schools with high concentrations of low-income students. Potential interventions could include school-based asthma education and disease management or indoor and outdoor air pollution control.​

Downloads & Related Links