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Title

Hypertension Prevalence, Treatment, and Related Behaviors Among Asian Americans: An Examination by Method of Measurement and Disaggregated Subgroups (Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)

Publication Topics

California Health Interview Survey; 2014 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2014); Chronic Condition Prevalence; General Health; Mental and Emotional Health; Asian

Publication Type

CHIS Journal Article

Publication Date

2019-06-10T07:00:00Z

Author 1

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=1605&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=1605&RootFolder=*">Mary Jung</a>

Author 2

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=151&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=151&RootFolder=*">et al</a>

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Abstract

Data on hypertension among Asian Americans is lacking and often aggregated, which can mask important ethnic differences. This study aims to provide a comprehensive view of hypertension and hypertension-related behaviors, including hypertension treatment, management, and information seeking, among Chinese, Korean, and Vietnamese Americans. Data were collected from 600 foreign-born Asian Americans (201 Chinese, 198 Korean, and 201 Vietnamese participants) in the Washington-Baltimore metropolitan area, aged 18 years and over, from 2013 to 2014. Hypertension was assessed using direct measurement and self-report of having ever been told by a physician. Hypertension prevalence was compared based on the method of assessment, ethnicity, and sex.

Findings:
  • The age-adjusted hypertension prevalence from direct measurement was 27.5%, which is higher than the 2011-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey estimate for Asians (24.9%).
  • Hypertension prevalences from self-report among Chinese, Korean, and Vietnamese were 13.4%, 23.2%, and 22.9%, respectively, which are lower than 2014 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) estimates (15.6%, 18.4%, and 25.8%) with the exception of Korean participants.
  • In regard to hypertension-related behaviors, 67.8% of hypertensive adults received management, 64.3% took antihypertensive medication, and 67.0% sought information to improve their hypertension.
Disaggregated data on hypertension based on measured blood pressure may prevent underestimation from self-report, particularly among those with limited healthcare access. More accurate and objective assessment of hypertension is needed for improved monitoring of hypertension among Asian-American subgroups.
 

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Journal Article: Hypertension Prevalence, Treatment, and Related Behaviors Among Asian Americans: An Examination by Method of Measurement and Disaggregated Subgroups

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California Health Interview Survey (CHIS)

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