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Title

Tobacco Control is a Critical Component to COVID-19 Management

Publication Topics

California Health Interview Survey; 2013 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2013); 2014 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2014); Asthma; Diabetes; Chronic Condition Prevalence; Tobacco/Smoking

Publication Type

External Publication

Publication Date

2020-04-01T07:00:00Z

Author 1

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http:\u002f\u002fhealthpolicy.ucla.edu\u002f_layouts\u002flistform.aspx?PageType=4\u0026ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}\u0026ID=1683\u0026RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&amp;ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&amp;ID=1683&amp;RootFolder=*">Sarah Alnahari</a>

Author 2

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http:\u002f\u002fhealthpolicy.ucla.edu\u002f_layouts\u002flistform.aspx?PageType=4\u0026ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}\u0026ID=151\u0026RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&amp;ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&amp;ID=151&amp;RootFolder=*">et al</a>

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Abstract

Study focus: As of March 26, California ranks third in the nation for confirmed COVID-19 cases following Washington and New York. Of the confirmed 4,943 cases and 81 deaths in California, 282 have been diagnosed across the 11 counties in the Central Valley and the Foothills. There is emerging evidence that smokers, former smokers, and children and adults exposed to chronic secondhand smoke are also vulnerable to COVID-19. This report briefly summarizes the emerging literature on COVID-19 and tobacco use and secondhand smoke exposure.

Population focus: Smokers, former smokers, and people exposed to chronic secondhand smoke, with additional attention to the health status of residents in California's Central Valley.

Outcomes studied: Authors discuss the potential effects COVID-19 may have on people with primary and secondary tobacco exposure, especially those with chronic diseases, such as diabetes, asthma and other respiratory problems. Among sources cited in the brief is 2018 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) smoking rates for Central California counties (Calaveras, Fresno, Kern, King, Madera, Mariposa, Merced, San Joaquin Stanislaus, Tulare, Tuolumne). Also referenced is 2013-14 CHIS data from a Center study, Prediabetes in California: Nearly Half of California Adults on Path to Diabetes.

Findings: Even without a chronic disease diagnosis, it is reasonable to conclude that three distinct mechanisms  suppressing the immune system, increasing susceptibility, and increasing the likelihood that the illness will progress to the most extreme stages  place current and former smokers at greater risk of contracting COVID-19 and experiencing severe outcomes.

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Tobacco Control is a Critical Component to COVID-19 Management

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Press Release

Related Link 1

California Health Interview Survey (CHIS)

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Prediabetes in California: Nearly Half of California Adults on Path to Diabetes.

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Created at 4/8/2020 11:42 AM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|celeste
Last modified at 4/8/2020 12:05 PM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|celeste