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Heterogeneity in the Association of Citizenship Status on Self-Rated Health Among Asians in California (Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)

Publication Topics

Asian; Health Status and Conditions; Immigrant; 2012 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2012); 2013 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2013); 2014 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2014); 2015 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2015); 2016 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2016)

Publication Type

CHIS Journal Article

Publication Date


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<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http:\u002f\\u002f_layouts\u002flistform.aspx?PageType=4\u0026ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}\u0026ID=1400\u0026RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href=";ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&amp;ID=1400&amp;RootFolder=*">Adrian Matias Bacong</a>

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Summary: Citizenship is considered an egalitarian legal identity but may function differently among minorities because of racial/ethnic stratification and historical context. Using Asians, the author looks at whether the association between citizenship and self-rated health differs by ethnicity by examining the moderating effect of Asian ethnic group (Chinese, Filipino, Korean, Vietnamese, and Other Asian) on citizenship and self-rated health using the 2012–2016 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS). Models account for demographics, socioeconomic status, healthcare, and English proficiency. 

Findings: Adjusting for demographics, naturalized citizens and non-citizens were statistically significantly more likely to report fair/poor health compared to U.S.-born citizens. Naturalized and non-citizen Vietnamese reported statistically significantly poorer health to all U.S.-born groups. These trends largely disappear when controlling for all covariates. Citizenship status can be useful in considering structural barriers for immigrants. Future work should interrogate the non-citizen category and why trends are seen among Vietnamese, but not others.


Article 1

CHIS Journal Article: Heterogeneity in the Association of Citizenship Status on Self-Rated Health Among Asians in California

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Press Release

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Last modified at 7/29/2020 2:05 PM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|venetia