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Title

Differential Associations of Homelessness with Emergency Department Visits and Hospitalizations by Race, Ethnicity, and Gender (Health Services Research)

Publication Topics

Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

2022-05-20T07:00:00Z

Author 1

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http:\u002f\u002fhealthpolicy.ucla.edu\u002f_layouts\u002flistform.aspx?PageType=4\u0026ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}\u0026ID=1523\u0026RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&amp;ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&amp;ID=1523&amp;RootFolder=*">Dahai Yue, MD, MS</a>

Author 2

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http:\u002f\u002fhealthpolicy.ucla.edu\u002f_layouts\u002flistform.aspx?PageType=4\u0026ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}\u0026ID=94\u0026RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&amp;ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&amp;ID=94&amp;RootFolder=*">Nadereh Pourat, PhD</a>

Author 3

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http:\u002f\u002fhealthpolicy.ucla.edu\u002f_layouts\u002flistform.aspx?PageType=4\u0026ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}\u0026ID=2012\u0026RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&amp;ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&amp;ID=2012&amp;RootFolder=*">Elsie A. Essien</a>

Author 4

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http:\u002f\u002fhealthpolicy.ucla.edu\u002f_layouts\u002flistform.aspx?PageType=4\u0026ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}\u0026ID=689\u0026RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&amp;ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&amp;ID=689&amp;RootFolder=*">Xiao Chen, PhD</a>

Author 5

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http:\u002f\u002fhealthpolicy.ucla.edu\u002f_layouts\u002flistform.aspx?PageType=4\u0026ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}\u0026ID=1419\u0026RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&amp;ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&amp;ID=1419&amp;RootFolder=*">Weihao Zhou, MS</a>

Author 6

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http:\u002f\u002fhealthpolicy.ucla.edu\u002f_layouts\u002flistform.aspx?PageType=4\u0026ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}\u0026ID=1576\u0026RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&amp;ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&amp;ID=1576&amp;RootFolder=*">Brenna O&#39;Masta, MPH</a>

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Abstract

Summary: This study investigates the differential associations of homelessness with emergency department (ED) visits and hospitalizations by race, ethnicity, and gender. Authors identified beneficiaries experiencing homelessness (BEH) and those who did not (NBEH) using diagnosis and place of service codes and residential addresses. Outcomes include four ED visits measures and four hospitalizations measures. They compared use of these services by BEH to NBEH overall and by race, ethnicity, and gender groups in regression models controlling for covariates.

Researchers used a sample of Medicaid beneficiaries who met eligibility criteria for a California Medicaid demonstration program in 2017 and 2018 but were not enrolled in the program. They identified 473,069 BEH, and the rest (1,948,422) were considered NBEH. Authors used the 2018 data for utilization analyses and most covariates. They constructed lagged measures of health conditions using 2017 data.

Findings: Authors found that homelessness was significantly associated with 0.34 more ED visits and a higher likelihood of frequent ED visits, any ED visits due to mental health conditions, and any ED visits due to substance use disorders. Experiencing homelessness was also significantly associated with 0.03 more hospitalizations, a higher likelihood of frequent hospitalizations and high frequent hospitalizations, and a longer length of stay. They found a larger association for American Indian and Alaska Native, Black, Native Hawaii or Pacific Islander, and white populations than that for Asian and Hispanic populations. The associations are larger for males than females.

The findings identified distinct utilization patterns by race, ethnicity, and gender. They indicated the need for developing race, ethnicity, and gender-specific strategies to reduce ED visits and hospitalizations of BEH.

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Article 1

Journal Article: Differential Associations of Homelessness with Emergency Department Visits and Hospitalizations by Race, Ethnicity, and Gender

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Press Release

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Created at 5/20/2022 10:26 AM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|celeste
Last modified at 5/26/2022 7:56 AM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|tiffanylopes