Summary: Increasingly diverse caregiver populations have prompted studies examining culture and caregiver outcomes. Still, little is known about the influence of sociocultural factors and how they interact with caregiving context variables to influence psychological health. Authors explore the role of caregiving and acculturation factors on psychological distress among a diverse sample of adults.
The 2009 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) surveyed 47,613 adults representative of the population of California. This study included Latino and Asian American Pacific Islander (AAPI) caregivers and noncaregivers.
Findings: First-generation caregivers had more distress than first-generation noncaregivers; the difference in distress between caregivers and noncaregivers was smaller in the third than first generation. Among those who did not interview in English and with low English proficiency, caregivers reported more distress than noncaregivers.
Noncaregivers exhibited the "healthy immigrant effect," where less acculturated individuals reported less distress. In contrast, caregivers who were less acculturated reported more distress.
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